Introduction to Protein Synthesis

Protiens are polymers of amino acids joined by peptide bonds (proteins are therefore also known as polypeptides). The number and order of the amino acids contained in a particular protein are prescribed by theDNAsequence of that protein’s gene. The mechanism by which a genetic message is translated from its nucleic acid form to its polypeptide product is protein synthesis. Translation occurs at the ribosome, an RNA–protein complex often called the protein factory of the cell.