Algae, Tree, Herbs, Bush, Shrub, Grasses, Vines, Fern, Moss, Spermatophyta, Bryophyta, Fern Ally, Flower, Photosynthesis, Eukaryote, Prokaryote, carbohydrate, vitamins, amino acids, botany, lipids, proteins, cell, cell wall, biotechnology, metabolities, enzymes, agriculture, horticulture, agronomy, bryology, plaleobotany, phytochemistry, enthnobotany, anatomy, ecology, plant breeding, ecology, genetics, chlorophyll, chloroplast, gymnosperms, sporophytes, spores, seed, pollination, pollen, agriculture, horticulture, taxanomy, fungi, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioinfomatics, microbiology, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, medicinal plants, herbal medicines, chemistry, cytogenetics, bryology, ethnobotany, plant pathology, methodolgy, research institutes, scientific journals, companies, farmer, scientists, plant nutrition
Select Language:
Main Menu
Please click the main subject to get the list of sub-categories
Services offered
  Section: General Biotechnology / Genes & Genetic Engineering
Please share with your friends:  

Genetic Engineering for Human Welfare


In Techniques of Genetic Engineering, construction of recombinant DNA and its cloning into bacteria and plant/animal cells are described. Following these techniques thousands of DNA fragments of pro-and eukaryotes (plant and animals) have been cloned during fee last two decades. According to the utility the cloned DNAs can be used in basic research or commercial production of useful products. Basic research includes DNA probe, expression of cloned genes, colony/ plaque hybridization, genome mapping and many more related to genetic engineering.

Moreover, cloned genes are utilized commercially in, medicals, agriculture and industry, and the production of valuable products. An outline of arcja applications of genetic engineering techniques is given in Fig. 5.1. In this connection some of the cloned genes and application of genetic engineering techniques are described here.
  Area of application of genetic engineering techniques.

Fig. 5.1. Area of application of genetic engineering techniques.


Cloned genes and production of chemicals


Human peptide hormone genes














Human interferon genes


Genes for vaccines



Vaccine for hepatitis-B virus



Vaccines for Rabies virus



Vaccines for poliovirus



Vaccine for foot and mouth disease virus



Vaccines for small pox virus



Malaria vaccines



DNA vaccines


Genes associated with genetic diseases














Enzyme engineering


Commercial chemicals

Prevention, diagnosis and cure of diseases


Prevention of diseases


Diagnosis of diseases



Parasitic diseases



Monoclonal antibodies



Antenatal diagnosis


Gene therapy


Types of gene therapy



Methods of gene therapy



Success of gene therapy



Potential of gene delivering system



Future needs of gene therapy in India

DNA profiling (fingerprinting)


Methods of DNA profiling


Application of DNA profiling



Genetic databank



Reuniting the lost children



Solving disputed problems of parentage, identity of criminals, rapists, etc



Immigrant dispute


Hurdles of DNA profiling

Animal and plant improvement


Transgenic Farm Animals


Crop Improvements


Transgenic plants


Nif gene transfer


Phaseolin gene transfer


Conversion of C3 plants to C4 plants


Herbicide resistant plants


Insect pest resistant plants


Plant improvement through genetic transformation


Crop Protection


Use of antagonists


Use of insecticides

Abatement of pollution


Copyrights 2012 © | Disclaimer